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Must Know First Aid For the Most Common Accident - Injury and Burns

It is quite natural for all to have experienced through simple cuts or burns accidentally  but most of us go bewildered about what should be done immediately before meeting doctor or when to meet a doctor etc. so the below explanations should give you sufficient knowledge to handle such situations efficiently.

Injury (Cut or Wounds):

  • Normally if the cut is small it would stop on its own within few seconds.
  • You Could apply firm pressure on it to help stop bleeding. 
  • Wash your Hands and and allow clean running water over the cut to rinse it.
  • Dip a wash cloth in soapy water and clean around the wound.
  • If there is dirt inside the cut, remove it with the help of santized tweezers.Do not use hydrogen peroxide, rubbing alcohol, iodine, or an iodine-based cleanser on the cut, as these products can be irritating to the damaged tissue.
  • Use Gauze(translucent fabric) or a tissue to cover the wound and apply pressure. 
  • Use more gauzes over it if bleeding soaks through the gauze.
  • If the wound is deep or there is exposed muscle then it needs stitches for which you need proffessional help
  • If the wound is more than 3 cm in length and deeper than 1/2 cm with exposed muscle or veins then visit hospital immediately for stitch to prevent infection.
  • For minor injuries, you can apply thin layer of antibiotic cream over the wound.
  • Cover it with a adhesive bandage. Remember to change the bandage daily.

Burns( Due to Heat or Fire):

  • Put out fire or stop the person's contact with hot liquid, steam, or other material. 
  • Help the person "stop, drop, and roll" to smother flames. 
  • Remove smoldering material from the person. 
  • Remove hot or burned clothing. If clothing sticks to skin, cut or tear around it.

Minor Burn(affecting the top layer)

  • Hold the burned skin under cool (not cold) running water or immerse in cool water until pain subsides.
  • Cover with sterile, non-adhesive bandage or clean cloth.
  • Do not apply butter or ointments, which can cause infection.
  • Give over-the-counter pain reliever such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), acetaminophen (Tylenol), or naproxen (Aleve).
  • if there is increased pain, redness, swelling, fever, or oozing, visit doctor.

 Deeper Burns( Affecting top two layers)

  • Run Cool Water over the burn.
  • Do not use ice as it would lower body temperature
  • Cover loosely with sterile, nonstick bandage and secure in place with gauze or tape.

Severe Burns:

  • Cover loosely with sterile, nonstick bandage or, for large areas, a sheet or other material that that won’t leave lint in wound.
  • Separate burned toes and fingers with dry, sterile dressings.
  • Lay the person flat unless the person has head or neck injury.
  • Elevate feet about 12 inches.
  • Elevate burn area above heart level, if possible.
  • Cover the person with coat or blanket.
  • For an airway burn, do not place pillow under the person's head when the person is lying down. This can close the airway.
  • Have a person with a facial burn sit up.
  • Check pulse and breathing to monitor for shock until emergency help arrives

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