DIY to Make a Bonsai Tree At Home within Minutes

The word “Bon-sai” is a Japanese term which, literally translated, means “planted in a container”Many think they are genetically dwarfed plants but any tree species can be used to grow into a bonsai by restricting their growth carefully.Most commonly they are tried to be kept under four feet in height.

Broadly they are classified into two as indoor and outdoor Bonsai

Popular Indoor Bonsai Plants

  • Ficus Bonsai
  • Crassula (Jade)
  • Carmona (Fukien Tea)
  • Schefflera Arboricola (Hawaiian Umbrella)
  • Sageretia (Sweet Plum)

Popular Outdoor Bonsai Plants

For subtroppical and mediterranean climate
  • Olive (Olea europea),
  • Pomegranate (Punica granatum),
  • Fuchsia,
  • Chinese elm (Ulmus parvifolia),
  • Mulberry (Morus),
  • Corkbark oak (Quercus suber),
  • Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinensis)
For winter
  • Japanese maple (Acer palmatum)  
  • Trident maples (Acer buergerianum)

Climate Guidelines:

Temperate climate is the best suited climate for many species.
Subtropical and mediterranean trees can also be chosen if they can be protected from frost, in a greenhouse for example.
In places with hot summers and cold winters you will have to provide semi-shade in the summer and good protection against frost in the winter

Growing a Bonsai is an Art

With this basic knowledge idea of bonsai , lets see the process of growing this wonderful tree. Anyone who grew a bonsai would definitely tell you its not just like growing a plant but  its a art.
Techniques such as pinching buds, pruning and wiring branches are used to create this beautiful masterpiece of nature at home.It requires years of hardwork to get a perfect bonsai through your hands.

How to make a Bonsai Tree From Scratch At home :

Here we show you a very simple way to  make a bonsai tree at home. Here we are not growing a bonsai, we actually create a bonsai and then develop on it. It is an alternative way which is famously known as Driftwood Bonsai.
  • Place driftwood on a work top so it is stable. If there are no natural flat spots on the driftwood, use the saw to cut small pieces off the bottom until the wood is stable. 
  • Select a sapling for the bonsai project. Choose California juniper since it grows easily in thin soil conditions. Limber pine, mountain hemlock and oak are also good choices for bonsai. Some saplings may have small root balls while others may look like a branch with a deep diagonal cut; either type works well for driftwood bonsai. 
  • Put a sapling on the driftwood piece. Look at it from all angles and position it where it looks best. Use the tip of a knife to gently trace around where the sapling touches the driftwood. Remove the sapling and set it aside for now.
  • Cut away the bark inside the tracing marks. Keep cutting away slivers of wood until there is a groove at every location where the sapling touches the wood. 
  • Replace the sapling onto the wood, lining it up in the newly cut grooves. Attach the sapling to the wood with brass screws to make sure that the sapling is held securely in place. Use as few screws as possible to ensure good contact between the sapling and the wood. 
  • Smear grafting wax along the outside of the sapling where it touches the driftwood. If there are any gaps between the screws, fill them with the wax. Wrap floral or plant tape around the sapling and the wood as if binding a wound. 
  • Place the driftwood and tree in a shallow plant dish. Water the sapling with a one-quarter strength solution of a balanced fertilizer dissolved in water.
video credits: pachakala

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